The Writing Competency is adapted from a model of lawyering competencies that was developed during a six year process by the Competency-Based Task Force of the former Antioch School of Law. See also, Russell Cort & Jack L. Sammons, The Search for "Good Lawyering": A Concept and Model of Lawyering Competencies, 29 Clev. St. L. Rev. 397 (1980).


American Bar Association, Legal Education and Professional Development -- An Educational Continuum, "The MacCrate Report’s Statement of Fundamental Lawyering Skills and Values." July 1992.

George Orwell, "Politics and the English Language," A Collection of Essays. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1954.

Stephen V. Armstrong and Timothy P. Terrell, Thinking Like a Writer: A Lawyer's Guide to Effective Writing and Editing. Practicing Law Institute, 2d Edition.


Veda R. Charrow & Myra K. Erhardt, Clear & Effective Legal Writing. Little, Brown & Co., 1986.


Brian A. Garner, Legal Writing in Plain English: a Text with Exercises, University of Chicago Press, 2001.


Brian A. Garner, The Winning Brief, Oxford University Press, 1999.


Tom Goldstein and Jethro K. Lieberman, Lawyer's Guide to Writing Well. University of California Press, 2nd Edition, 2002.


Terri LeClercq, Expert Legal Writing. University of Texas Press, 1995.


Steven D. Stark, Writing to Win: The Legal Writer. Broadway Books, 1999.


Richard C. Wydick, Plain English for Lawyers. Carolina Press, 4th Edition, 1998.